Sunday, September 21, 2014

Odds and ends 9/21/2014

I haven’t been writing for the blog as much lately. It’s an exciting time. I started a new job and I proposed to my girlfriend. We’re getting married January 17. God sure has engineered a titanic turnaround in my life. I’m blessed.

George Friedman of Stratfor explains Scottish independence:

There are those who argue that Scottish independence could lead to economic problems or complicate the management of national defense. These are not trivial questions, but they are not what is at stake here. From an economic point of view, it makes no sense for Scotland to undergo this sort of turmoil. At best, the economic benefits are uncertain. But this is why any theory of human behavior that assumes that the singular purpose of humans is to maximize economic benefits is wrong. Humans have other motivations that are incomprehensible to the economic model but can be empirically demonstrated to be powerful. If this referendum succeeds, it will still show that after more than 300 years, almost half of Scots prefer economic uncertainty to union with a foreign nation.

This is something that must be considered carefully in a continent that is prone to extreme conflicts and still full of borders that do not map to nations as they are understood historically. Catalonia, whose capital is Barcelona, the second-largest and most vibrant city in Spain, has a significant independence movement. The Treaty of Trianon divided Hungary so that some Hungarians live in Romania, while others live in Slovakia. Belgium consists of French and Dutch groups (Walloons and Fleming), and it is not too extreme to say they detest each other. The eastern half of Poland was seized by the Soviet Union and is now part of Ukraine and Belarus. Many Chechens and Dagestanis want to secede from Russia, as do Karelians, who see themselves as Finns. There is a movement in northern Italy to separate its wealthy cities from the rest of Italy. The war between Azerbaijan and Armenia is far from settled. Myriad other examples can be found in Europe alone.

The right to national self-determination is not simply about the nation governing itself but also about the right of the nation to occupy its traditional geography. And since historical memories of geography vary, the possibility of conflict grows. Consider Ireland: After its fight for independence from England and then Britain, the right to Northern Ireland, whose national identity depended on whose memory was viewing it, resulted in bloody warfare for decades.

Scottish independence would transform British history. All of the attempts at minimizing its significance miss the point. It would mean that the British island would be divided into two nation-states, and however warm the feelings now, they were not warm in the past nor can we be sure that they will be warm in the future. England will be vulnerable in ways that it hasn't been for three centuries. And Scotland will have to determine its future. The tough part of national self-determination is the need to make decisions and live with them.

This is not an argument for or against Scottish nationhood. It is simply drawing attention to the enormous power of nationalism in Europe in particular, and in countries colonized by Europeans. Even Scotland remembers what it once was, and many - perhaps a majority and perhaps a large minority - long for its return. But the idea that Scotland recalls its past and wants to resurrect it is a stunning testimony less to Scottish history than to the Enlightenment's turning national rights into a moral imperative that cannot be suppressed.

More important, perhaps, is that although Yugoslavia and the Soviet collapse were not seen as precedents for the rest of Europe, Scotland would be seen that way. No one can deny that Britain is an entity of singular importance. If that can melt away, what is certain? At a time when the European Union's economic crisis is intense, challenging European institutions and principles, the dissolution of the British union would legitimize national claims that have been buried for decades.

But then we have to remember that Scotland was buried in Britain for centuries and has resurrected itself. This raises the question of how confident any of us can be that national claims buried for only decades are settled. I have no idea how the Scottish will vote. What strikes me as overwhelmingly important is that the future of Britain is now on the table, and there is a serious possibility that it will cease to be in the way it was. Nationalism has a tendency to move to its logical conclusion, so I put little stock in the moderate assurances of the Scottish nationalists. Nor do I find the arguments against secession based on tax receipts or banks' movements compelling. For centuries, nationalism has trumped economic issues. The model of economic man may be an ideal to some, but it is empirically false. People are interested in economic well-being, but not at the exclusion of all else. In this case, it does not clearly outweigh the right of the Scottish nation to national-self determination.

I have reasons for supporting Scottish independence. Alas!

Liberals have expertly molded the Ray Rice controversy into a weapon in the war on men, Andrew McCarthy writes:

The progressive soap-opera storyline of the Rice coverage is that our aggressive, competitive culture, which has made the NFL so popular, desensitizes men to the gravity of domestic violence; that women are uniformly outraged by this state of affairs; and that football and the men who play it must be tamed. ESPN is a prominent author of this particular narrative, so one wouldn’t expect coverage of women who dissent from it.

I should have figured, though, that the segment was just a set-up for what followed: a lengthy editorial interview with Kate Fagan. A former college basketball player, Ms. Fagan is now, yes, a sports journalist. Author of a memoir The Reappearing Act: Coming Out as Gay on a College Basketball Team Led by Born-Again Christians, she is a staple at ESPN-W. That’s where the network focuses on women in sports and, seamlessly, on political and social matters that the Left has successfully branded “women’s issues.”

For the politically aware, listening to Kate Fagan is a lot like listening to President Obama or any other deft community organizer. She first invoked tribal politics in refusing — or at least making a show of refusing — to rebut the female Ravens fans who sympathize with Rice. That, she said, would be “pitting women against women” — a no-no. She then skillfully lowered the boom: The problem is not Rice’s cheerleaders; it is our “culture.”

Those women [Rice fans], you see, are really victims of insidious bourgeois attitudes inculcated by the education system. Our task, therefore, is not to condemn them for being so wrong but to ask ourselves, “Why is this issue not as black and white as it should be?” Translation: Why is something so obvious to thoughtful progressives like Ms. Fagan so elusive to the riff-raff in their Rice jerseys?

So what’s the answer? Ms. Fagan opined that people should stop focusing so much on whether Commissioner Roger Goodell should get fired or how long Rice’s suspension should be. That’s too “reactive,” and Fagan says it’s time to be “pro-active.”

How? By working to undo our “culture” of “raising men to want to not be like women,” a culture that tolerates the teasing of boys who “throw like a girl.” The way to do that, she said, was to “hold the NFL’s feet to the fire” until the league ponies up “millions of dollars” for a domestic-violence fund. The extorted treasure would then be doled out to grass-roots community organizations, who could then send their trained experts to middle schools, high schools, and colleges. Boys would be instructed that differentiating men from women breeds domestic violence.

As Fagan put it, the goal must be “reprogramming how we raise men.” That, she said, is how we’re finally going to get — all together now — “change.”

Like I said, the NFL is Michael Sam’s league. The Daily Caller reports:

“The Rams waived Michael Sam, the first openly gay player trying to make an NFL roster, he was unemployed for two days,” [Peter] King said. “During that time a league official contacted multiple teams asking if they had evaluated Sam as a probable practice squad player.”

“Now Sam and the NFL avoided a nightmare situation when he signed with the practice squad of the Dallas Cowboys.”

This report, that is surely to upset other players vying for NFL practice squads around the league, was initially reported by ESPN’s Stephen A. Smith on yesterday’s edition of “First Take.”

“According to sources I have in the NFL, the league did call a few teams. They did want teams to take Michael Sam because obviously we see what kind of movement they’re gearing for, and what they’re support of Michael Sam, who we all know, came out, acknowledged he was gay before the draft and ultimately something Roger Goodell and the NFL supports and they want their teams to support. But other teams weren’t too receptive to taking him on once the St. Louis Rams cut him,” reported the ESPN talking head.

The economic recovery confuses David Malpass, which might have something to do with it not being a recovery:

Job gains slowed to 142,000 in August, well below population growth, and the 2.1 percent year-over-year rise in wages was almost completely chewed up by the 2 percent official inflation rate.

The disconnect points to a two-tiered economy, and a lot of cronyism. Those with high incomes or good connections to the government are leveraging up and doing most of the buying and the building. Those below the top are treading water, if they’re lucky.

A 2013 study by the American Affluence Research Center showed that 50 percent of consumer spending is coming from just the top 10 percent of incomes. They’re also doing most of the investing and hiring, and will get most of any gains (or losses) from the high-end boom.

A Sept. 4 Federal Reserve study showed the flip side. Before-tax median family income (the middle of the middle class) fell to $46,700 in 2013, down 5 percent from 2010.

Such a drop is unprecedented at this point in an economic expansion. And that income drop came on top of an 8 percent decline from 2007 to 2010. While the top 10 percent of income earners saw an increase, every other income group saw declines.

I have a simple way to clear liberals’ confusion about Islam. Kill the bad Muslims and see how the “good” Muslims react.

A horror story from the front lines of Christianity:

Said Murat knew something was wrong when the ISIS militants who had taken control of his Kurdistan village ordered people into male and female groups. But he really got scared when the pickup trucks that were supposed to take them to nearby Mount Sinjar were instead driven to an irrigation pool at the edge of the village.

Said Murat, one of the survivors of the massacre in Kocho village, northern Iraq, where Islamic State militant allegedly murdered hundreds of Yezidi men on 15 August.

Said Murat, one of the survivors of a massacre in the Kurdistan village of Kocho, where ISIS militants allegedly murdered hundreds of Yazidi men in August.

“They had gathered us once and they told us to convert to Islam,” he tells me two weeks later in a hospital in the northern Iraqi town of Zakho. “But when we refused, they said there was no problem and we wouldn’t be harmed.”

But the militants were lying. After Kurdish forces, running out of ammunition, withdrew from the Sinjar area in the beginning of August, fighters with the extremist Islamic State, commonly called ISIS, moved in to take control of the minority Yazidi villages. They came with a plan of extermination.

“On Aug. 15 they informed us that we would be transported to Mount Sinjar by cars,” says the 22-year-old from the village of Kocho. “We said fine. They gathered us in the school building and ordered us to separate into two groups: women and men over the age of 12. The men were driven away in two trucks, group by group.”

Said Murat was in a group of about 30 men. “They took us to the northwestern edge of the village where there were some irrigation pools that were used by the nearby farms,” he recalls. “These pools had no water in them at the time. They ordered us to get into them and lie down, and then between 10 to 12 fighters opened fire at us.”

I didn’t think much of Secretariat. Neither did this reviewer:

This blindingly obvious flaw in the film’s construction might be forgivable if the things it chose to focus on instead were in any way interesting, but they’re not. Diane Lane is the movie’s sole interest and she, unfortunately, seems to have no personality. She’s a fairly bland housewife who just sort of scowls and looks stubborn whenever anyone suggests something she doesn’t like. We spend endless, tedious minutes with her while she just sort of sits there and looks like an owner, until at some point she gets involved enough to try and construct some sort of complicated, generally irrelevant Ponzi scheme. The movie occasionally drops in throwaway lines about her ownership skills, but it’s merely lip service and much like her frequently discussed relationship with the horse, not something actually shown in the movie. Secretariat chooses to tell instead of show, and if there’s a worse mistake any movie can make, I can’t name it.

The rest of the script’s characters are even worse. Diane’s husband is an asshole cliché, her brother an empty plot device who exists only to serve as an easily overcome obstacle. Her kids and the other people she surrounds herself seem to be in the movie primarily to give hugs. Secretariat contains more hugging than actual racing. The closest anyone comes to having an honest to god personality is Secretariat’s trainer, Lucien Laurin. Unfortunately, his personality is John Malkovich’s personality.

What I especially disliked was how Lane’s character abandoned her family to breed and race horses. All the film’s attempts to get me to sympathize with her struggles could not overcome her selfishness. She provides zero wisdom to her hippie activist daughter, just blindly encourages her over the phone while her husband does the actual work of parenting on his own. Then, after she’s won the Triple Crown, he seems to forgive her as if the award validates her years-long absence.

But I digress. The horse racing was cool.

Liberals see things that aren’t there. You have to distinguish between reality and what liberals believe to argue with them. For example, when they say “bullying,” the mean what normal people call “discernment.”

Matt Barber writes:

To be sure, extremist sexual pressure groups have mastered the use of propaganda to push a selfish political agenda. They have been shameless in manipulating the specter of bullying as a Trojan Horse to silence Christian values. Yes, anti-bullying policies are appropriate and necessary, but the vast majority of bullying incidents do not involve a victim’s sexual lifestyle. Yet it is these sexual lifestyle choices that are nearly the exclusive focus of most anti-bullying policies. This betrays the true goal of many “anti-bullying” proponents: to gain, officially, widespread affirmation of the “LGBT” lifestyle at the expense of traditional values and, moreover, to disingenuously paint adherents to biblical sexual morality as bullies.

Sane armies concern themselves with winning wars. Not ours. The Washington Times reports:

U.S. Army sociologists are worried that a lack of black officers leading its combat troops will have detrimental effect on minorities and lead to fewer black officers in top leadership posts.

“The issue exists. The leadership is aware of it,” Brig. Gen. Ronald Lewis toldUSA Today on Thursday. “The leadership does have an action plan in place. And it’s complicated.”

The Army reports that only 10 percent of its active-duty officers are black, which has contributed to its dearth of black officers leading soldiers with occupational specialties in infantry, armor and artillery.

“It certainly is a problem for several reasons,” Col. Irving Smith, director of sociology at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, told USA Today. “First we are a public institution. And as a public institution we certainly have more of a responsibility to our nation than a private company to reflect it. In order to maintain their trust and confidence, the people of America need to know that the Army is not only effective but representative of them.”

The Christian Post reports:

Young white Evangelicals whose social networks mostly included people like them were the most likely to depart from older Evangelicals on cultural issues while young Evangelicals with more diverse social networks were more likely to hold views similar to older Evangelicals. In other words, the more embedded Millennial Evangelicals are in the Evangelical subculture and the less interaction they have with non-Evangelicals, the more likely they are to demonstrate attitudes diverging from their elders.

Ryan Shinkel flips on same-sex marriage:

My support for gay marriage was early and enthusiastic. In high school I wrote a research paper titled “Gay Marriage as a Constitutional and Human Right.” I was earnest and impassioned, motivated by a desire to see justice done and unsure of how or why anyone could disagree.

I triumphantly quoted J. S. Mill’s On Liberty, and cited Socrates in Plato’s Apology, about the limits of religious views on civic matters and the growth of our national wisdom, respectively. The arguments seemed clear. I agreed with Jon Meacham, “society can no more deny a gay person access to the secular rights and religious sacraments because of his homosexuality than it can reinstate Jim Crow.”

Then something changed. As I entered college, I found myself being drawn from social democratism to conservatism thanks to Roger Scruton, and from skepticism back to the Catholic Christianity of my upbringing thanks to Pascal, Chesterton, and David Bentley Hart. But I still held to the consent-based or revisionist view of marriage, rather than the conjugal view defended by Sherif Girgis, Ryan T. Anderson, and Robert P. George. The turning point came when I read a paper by Scruton and Phillip Blond. They distinguished how a romantic union between two individuals of the same sex could have the same level of intensity as that between two individuals of the opposite sex. Yet they said that the conjugal view of marriage did not see exclusivity of romance as the telos of marriage. Rather, it “extends beyond the individuals who marry to the children they hope to create and the society they wish to shape.”

I came to realize the institution of marriage is not merely a private contract between two partners. Rather, it is a natural, social, and civil partnership in the living present between the past and future. Because of the inherent procreative capacity in the conjugal act, the union is also the union of the generations, of all society. And the interested members in this partnership are, as Burke said, “not only between those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are to be born.” The state rightly takes a particular interest in this type of relationship.

More on feminism’s Communist roots (hat tip Praetori):

“Why are we here today?” she asked.

“To make revolution,” they answered.

“What kind of revolution?” she replied.

The Cultural Revolution,” they chanted.

“And how do we make Cultural Revolution?” she demanded.

“By destroying the American family!” they answered.

“How do we destroy the family?” she came back.

“By destroying the American Patriarch,” they cried exuberantly.

“And how do we destroy the American Patriarch?” she replied.

“By taking away his power!”

“How do we do that?”

“By destroying monogamy!” they shouted.

“How can we destroy monogamy?”

Their answer left me dumbstruck, breathless, disbelieving my ears. Was I on planet earth? Who were these people?

“By promoting promiscuity, eroticism, prostitution and homosexuality!” they resounded.

Anthony Esolen writes there’s no libertarian compromise in the common law:

We have all heard what has come to be a liberal dictum, that the State must remain neutral as regards religion or irreligion. One can show fairly easily that the men who wrote our constitution had no such neutrality in mind, given the laws that they and their fellows subsequently passed, their habits of public prayer at meetings, and their common understanding that freedom without virtue, and virtue without piety, were chimeras.


Consider the effects of a permission that radically alters the nature of the context in which the action is permitted. We might call this the Nude Beach Principle. Suppose that Surftown has one beautiful beach, where young and old, boys and girls, single people and whole families, have been used to relax, go swimming, and have picnics. Now suppose that a small group of nudists petitions the town council to allow for nude bathing. Their argument is simple—actually, it is no more than a fig leaf for the mere expression of desire. They say, “We want to do this, and we, tolerant as we are, do not wish to impose our standards on anyone else. No one will be required to bathe in the raw. Live and let live, that's our motto.”

But you cannot have a Half-Nude Beach. A beach on which some people stroll without a stitch of clothing is a nude beach, period. A councilman cannot say, “I remain entirely neutral on whether clothing should be required on a beach,” because that is equivalent to saying that it is not opprobrious or not despicable to walk naked in front of other people, including children.

Two factors must be at work, for the Nude Beach Principle to apply. One is whether we can expect some people to act upon the permission. The other is an easily predictable harm that the permission so acted upon will bring to people who do not act upon it, or who, because of moral disapprobation, disgust, fear, or pain, would never act upon it. In Surftown, it means that ordinary people will have lost their beach. They will have lost it to the intolerance of the nude bathers, who, even if they were correct about the moral permissibility of their parading their wares, will not forbear with their more scrupulous neighbors. In this matter, to pretend not to choose is to choose.

Nor do we need physical proximity to invoke the principle. A few years ago in Nova Scotia, after losing a string of referenda, proponents of all-day any-day business won out, meaning that, for the first time, businesses other than hotels, restaurants, grocery stores, and gas stations could remain open on Sunday. Opponents of the referendum appealed to the good that families and neighborhoods enjoyed, because they could rely on almost everyone being at home at least one day in the week. They understood that it was illogical to say that no particular business would be compelled to keep the strange hours, since the permission would mean almost immediately that many would do so—just as the permission to wear nothing on a beach will bring out many sons of Adam and daughters of Eve. They saw that that in itself would compromise or destroy the good they sought to preserve.

Now, you could say that that lost good was outweighed by the good of some purported economic development, just as you could say that the lost good of a beach friendly to families was outweighed by the good of exhibitionism or what have you. But you could not plead neutrality. To say, “I remain neutral on whether a people should set aside one day in a week for cessation of most business,” is to say that it is not important that such a day be set aside. Again, to pretend not to choose is to choose.

The referendum in Nova Scotia illustrates something else, too, beyond the particular issue. Sometimes to permit is not only to alter the context of the permitted action, but to alter the whole social order. You cannot say, as Stephen Douglas tried to say, that you will allow slavery in those states whose citizens vote for it, and then pretend that that is an act of calm and statesmanlike neutrality. A society that says that some people may own slaves is an utterly different society from one that says that no one may own slaves. That is not a distant consequence of the permission; it is immediate, indeed implied in the permission itself.

You cannot say, as liberals try to say, that you will allow abortion for people inclined to procure one, and then pretend that that too is to remain blissfully neutral and tolerant, no more than if you tried to say that you would allow infanticide for parents who decide, after all, that the diapers are too messy, or the baby too ugly or too sickly or handicapped. A society that allows some people to kill babies is a society that does not protect babies, period. It is a society that does not view them as possessing any inherent claim upon our protection. A society that freely permits pornography is, by that very permission, a society that sees nothing especially sacred in the human body and the marital act. You can say all you want that no one is required to leap into the open sewer. They still have to live with it right there, with all its stench, among people who have grown accustomed to it, or fond of it.

These are familiar thoughts.

Danny Lemieux writes at the American Thinker:

One of the fundamental problems in our society is that we argue with one another from positions of moral parochialism: we assume that the other party shares our frames of reference. That may have been true in the earlier years of our nation, but I propose that this is no longer the case. Today, we argue from different and fundamentally incompatible moral codes and value systems. It is the dichotomy between the two that confuses our discourse and creates great dangers for our country.

Many political and social arguments today seek to accommodate two fundamentally incompatible and opposite moral codes: a Judeo-Christian code and a Marxist-Progressive (“MarxProg”) code. When we on the Judeo-Christian side of the equation appeal to terms such as “good,” “evil,” “right,” and “wrong,” we usually fail to realize that they mean entirely different things in the MarxProgs’ lexicon.

Heather Wilhelm hits on the single biggest threat to totalitarian rule: the civil society:

Perhaps the first step to fighting America’s creeping police state—right after reviewing your Fourth Amendment rights—is simple: Get to know your neighbors, and get involved in your community. Friends rarely call the cops as a first resort. Alienated strangers often do—and isolated, atomized communities are often the first to hand over authority to a faceless, overpowering state.


Rod Dreher has an interesting take on Ted Cruz that I can’t help but agree with:

It’s not a perfect analogy, but imagine someone going to address a group of persecuted Chinese Christian leaders who had come to Washington to try to figure out how to keep their communities alive, and who had been instructed by a US politician that they needed to denounce the Beijing government as a condition of having his support. Or imagine a US politician telling Nigerian pastors whose flocks were being routinely savaged by Boko Haram that they needed to denounce anti-gay violence before he would endorse their cause of survival. In that case, you would have African Christian leaders who really do hate gays, but you would also have African Christian leaders who have more moderate views on gays, but who know that to be seen as aligning with gay rights would be to give their Muslim persecutors a powerful weapon to use against them (this is genuinely a problem for Anglican leaders in Nigeria). The idea that a people facing genocide — whatever their religion, ethnicity, or political beliefs — must first perfect themselves in the eyes of American politicians before they merit our help is repulsive.

W. James Antle III must have been eavesdropping on me and my Canadian coworker last Thursday, because I made these exact same points:

It is not always strategically sound to encourage all your enemies to band together against you. Sometimes it is best to divide them. The factions, organizations, and governments Cruz mentioned in his speech have their similarities, but also differences—differences that are in some cases important enough for them to go to war against each other. Indeed, these are the distinctions currently roiling the Middle East and breaking up Iraq.

And the United States has not always won wars by treating every enemy, rival, and illiberal political force without distinction. The U.S. allied with the Soviet Union to win World War II and reached out to China to gain advantage in the Cold War at a time when both countries were run by tyrannical mass murderers.

Could a newly formed “gully” on the slopes of a Martian volcano be caused by falling debris? I don’t buy it. In researching for my book set on Mars, I found these volcanoes, which are hundreds of miles across, have extensive caverns. In my opinion, the “gully” is an example of the ceiling falling in.

Friday, September 19, 2014

Debt to riches

In God’s Not Dead, atheist Jeffrey notes the staunchest atheists are former Christians whose faith let them down. Insofar as atheism is a decision informed by a strong emotional reaction to life experiences, he’s right.

But it works in the opposite direction. “There is no God” is as much a faith-based statement as its opposite. Some of the most effectively evangelical Christians are former atheists whose trust in something other than God let them down. (Indeed, atheism addresses the problem of suffering so inadequately, cornering the unbeliever into the dark, lonely pit of nihilism, that it is a reliable back door to belief.)

There were no atheists in Jesus’ days on Earth, but groups opposed to Him like the Pharisees superseded modern atheists’ rationalizations and vigor. The Apostle Paul was a Pharisee of Pharisees. He persecuted early Christians in the name of the law until he encountered God on the road to Damascus. From then on he was a tireless warrior for the cause theretofore he had opposed all his life.

Luke tells the parable of the two debtors:

“Two people owed money to a certain moneylender. One owed him 500 denarii, and the other 50. Neither of them had the money to pay him back, so he forgave the debts of both. Now which of them will love him more?” Simon replied, “I suppose the one who had the bigger debt forgiven.” “You have judged correctly,” Jesus said.

Paul had quite a large debt. He hunted disciples and struck fear into would-be converts. No doubt people turned away from salvation in Jesus because of the stumbling block of torment and persecution he put in their path.

The zeal with which Paul witnessed to the truth was forged in these former years. As much as the law defined him before his trip to Damascus, the gospel of Jesus defined him even more afterwards. The experience moved his heart. It proved the utter falseness of the law, demanding vigorous devotion to correct the sin and the lie that, without God’s grace, would have consumed him. Proven the paucity of the law, one of antiquity’s most rabid persecutors of Christians became the richest in love and unity in the body of Christ.

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Better to be switched than abandoned

Charles Barkley appeared on NFL Today ostensibly to discuss Adrian Peterson and child abuse. But to host Jim Rome, spanking is child abuse. The segment became a referendum on parenthood.

“I think those pictures [of the child] are disturbing,” Barkley said. “And I think Adrian said, ‘I went overboard.’ But as far as being from the South, we all spanked our kids—I got spanked, me and my two brothers—”

Rome: “But then, Chuck, not now, right? 1964 is one thing, 2014 is another. Maybe we need to rethink this thing.”

Barkley replied, “And I totally agree with that. But I think we have to really be careful trying to teach other parents how to discipline their kids. That’s a very fine line.”

It’s a line liberals don’t recognize. The progress they pine for does not allow parents to raise their children with their values. Abuse is a pretext to empower the state to take custody of the child. But, since the legal system is slow to “reform,” they have innovated culturally. George Lukacs showed them the way: Seduce children with smut and vice to get them to betray their parents.

Peterson went too far in switching his son so hard he left open wounds on his body. He admitted as much in texts to his wife. But he shouldn’t be prosecuted for it. And his son shouldn’t be taken away from him, which is usually the outcome of these cases.

Personal tragedy tends to follow Peterson, whose feral rutting has left a trail of social work cases from Texas to the Upper Midwest. Liberals are mute on that subject. After all, they promote it.

Erica Syion, the mother of one of Peterson’s kids, told TMZ last year that the former Oklahoma standout actually has seven kids.

The total includes a baby girl born last year who lives with her mother in Minnesota. It also includes both of the sons Peterson is accused of abusing, along with Adrian Jr. whose mother is Peterson’s wife, and Tyrese Robert Doohen, the boy who died last year.

Peterson didn’t even know the 2 year-old Tyrese existed before he was beaten to death by the mother’s boyfriend.

Serial neglect of his children aside, Peterson takes discipline of the children he wants very seriously.

“Deep in my heart, I have always believed I could have been one of those kids that was lost in the streets without the discipline instilled in me by my parents and other relatives.”

Peterson comes from a broken home himself, but he had help. He can’t guarantee the same for the children he’s fathered out of wedlock.

P.S.: Liberals are energized by imagining they live in a time only recently removed from the horrible prejudices and oppression of the unenlightened past. But it is interesting that Jim Rome chose 1964 as a year in which horrible things like spanking were permitted in America. Most liberals think things started to turn around in that decade, beginning with contraceptives in 1960 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Monday, September 15, 2014

Dead man commissioning

The social justice warriors are calling for NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell to resign. His crime is not performing down to the extremely low bar set by NBA Commissioner Adam Silver.

Embattled NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell continued his push to show the league is taking domestic violence and sexual assault matters seriously, announcing in a letter to teams and staff members Monday morning four women will help shape the league's policies going forward.

Anna Isaacson, the NFL’s vice president of community affairs and philanthropy, will now be in an expanded role as vice president of social responsibility.

The more Goodell shows his willingness to cave, the louder the screams for his resignation will get.

It is one of life’s sweetest ironies to hear Keith Olberman—a Leftist first and sports analyst second—call Goodell “an enabler of men who beat women.” Goodell has spent his stint as commissioner sucking the toes of regressives like Olbermann to avoid being saddled with such idiotic epithets.

Goodell has invested a lot of the NFL’s capital in making it PC-friendly: concussions, breast cancer awareness, the farcical Lauren Silberman tryout, opposition to Arizona SB1062, Riley Cooper, Michael Sam, etc. He’s courted the pinko powers for years, consistently betraying the fan base to expand the NFL to people who would use it as a political front. Today’s game is more popular and more lucrative than ever. He’s not going to let a 7th-year running back in Baltimore jeopardize that.

Which is why I’m certain Goodell didn’t see the video of Ray Rice knocking out his fiancée before the whole world did on September 8. If he had, he would have run to a microphone like his hair was on fire to bathe in Ray Rice’s tears. Goodell’s instinct—his fatal flaw—is to wring his hands to save face.

The important fact that came to light September 8 was not that Rice knocked out Janay Palmer. Everyone already knew that. It was that he baited her into fighting him by spitting in her face. Ergo, he instigated the fight.

The facts, as Goodell understood them in July when he handed down Rice’s 2-game suspension, were that Rice and Janay Palmer got into a fight and he knocked her out. As the football season approached, without knowing who started the fight, Goodell was forced into the awkward position of meting out “justice” when true justice based on the available evidence would have been to do nothing.

But to the interests that Goodell allowed to define his legacy, hitting a girl for any reason is a capital offense. They wanted Rice’s head regardless of whether he started the fight. Anything short of expulsion was not enough to sate their bloodlust. They feel threatened that a man will hit back because of the advantage the option of hitting back gives men. This is why feminists paradoxically make appeals to chivalry.

These people are true believers and have no qualms about cannibalizing their own for the cause. Goodell opened the door wide open for them, and they rushed in and are now pushing him out. That’s gratitude.

Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Perishables spoil

God’s Not Dead is a great movie for many reasons, but I want to focus on the characters who stored up treasures in this world whom the world rebuked and who were forced to look closer at themselves.

One of those characters is Amy. She’s a reporter and an animal rights activist, and she has a romantic relationship with a business executive. She’s so deeply involved in her work that she has no close friends and, as it turns out, she doesn’t know the man she thinks she loves. When she learns she has terminal cancer, she realizes she will lose everything that matters to her.

The other character is Jeffrey. He’s a philosophy professor who takes pride in his intellect and his social standing among the tenured elite. He dismisses his girlfriend publicly because he prioritizes tending to his image over taking care of her. She duly dumps him.

Jeffrey also harbors anger and guilt over his mother’s death when he was just a boy. That loss he uses to rationalize evangelizing against God through his position as a professor. A Christian student bests him in front of class, exposing the intellectual window dressing on his emotional rejection of God. His self-worth in tatters, Jeffrey reasseses what matters to him.

Amy and Jeffrey try to get as much return as they can from what matters to them. For Amy, it’s work for her cause. For Jeffrey, it’s image and intellectual dominance. They can’t sustain themselves on these perishables alone, much less when what are seemingly the accidents of life spoiling them.

I say “seemingly” because these accidents only appear as accidents. They occur by design. They point to the divine Creator as the only constant. Just as I can’t repurpose a pencil to make a cup of coffee, I can’t repurpose Creation for my personal sense of salvation. It just doesn’t work.

With their accounts emptied of the things they think matter, Amy and Jeffrey reckon maybe they’ve been investing in the wrong things all along:

“‘I’ll say to myself, “You have plenty of grain laid up for many years. Take life easy; eat, drink and be merry.”’ But God said to him, ‘You fool! This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?’ This is how it will be with whoever stores up things for themselves but is not rich toward God.”

What does it mean to be rich towards God? Real human worth, as shown in Jesus’ distillation of the law into two simple commands, is in giving, not receiving. It means to hand over your salvation to Jesus and to hand over your will to God. It means to serve God by acting as His agent in loving others.

By doing that, you store up for yourself non-perishables in heaven. Giving gives the greatest return on your investment.

Sunday, August 31, 2014

Odds and ends 8/31/2014

ESPN gets blowback from reporting on Michael Sam’s shower schedule. I’m going to defend the Worldwide Leader In Sports™ on this one. What did everyone think the gushing interviews and exposés were about? Sam made his sexual attraction to men public. The moment was hailed as another barrier being broken down to soothe liberal guilt for being relatively heterosexual and prudish. Naturally the people want to know how the obvious dilemma of walking around naked with people you are sexually attracted to will resolve itself. The coverage is fair because Sam invited it.

Matt Walsh runs through the homofascists:

No business in the world operates on a principle that, if one customer is accommodated, all customers must be accommodated no matter what. Let me ask you: if you invite 100 people into your home for a party, does that mean you lose the right to refuse entry to the 101st person? Do you lose the legal ability to decide who enters, and for how long, and for what purpose? If you throw a party on Tuesday does that mean that you are now legally obligated to throw a party every other day, whenever I show up and demand one? If you decide to throw a toga party can I arrive and insist that we change it to a cowboys and Indians theme? If you are having a Tupperware party can I knock on your door and complain that my freedoms are under attack because I have no interest in Tupperware?

But that’s different, you say, because you are not a business. Sure, and this is what sane people used to call a “distinction without a difference.” If I live in a place and also sometimes use it to engage in commerce and enter into contracts, why, exactly, should that mean that I lose my God given, constitutional, rights and authorities over my own property?

And why, and how, do you have a right to enter my property and participate in activities on my property, just because I allowed a small selection of other human beings to do the same? How could these lesbians have a right to a wedding ceremony at that particular farm in Albany?

Here’s a better way to put it: if I open a lemonade stand, at what point in the process does the rest of society suddenly develop a right to the lemonade I’m producing? Did they have a right to the lemonade before I even made it? Was I destined in the stars to make lemonade in order to distribute it to my neighbors who, unbeknownst to me, have been entitled to my lemonade long before I ever conceived of selling it? If everyone has a right to my lemonade — meaning that I can’t refuse lemonade to anyone — does that mean that even the price I attach to it is also, in some respects, an infringement on your rights? After all, the price is a barrier to entry. So is the rather specific and finite location of my operation. If I have one lemonade stand am I now obligated to have a dozen lemonade stands, and does the lemonade have to be free? Can I shut down my lemonade stand? If you all have a right to it, wouldn’t I be infringing on that right when I close up shop for the evening? If I never opened this lemonade stand, you would probably go about your day without the lemonade, or else you’d procure your lemonade through some other means. Why can’t you do that even with my lemonade stand open, should I decide to decline to enter into a cash-for-lemonade contract with you?


Our understanding of “rights” has devolved into madness over time. We used to believe that you had a right to that which is fundamental to your human nature and that which is required to retain your human dignity. Therefore, you had a right to express your ideas, to practice your faith, to defend yourself and your home, to sovereignty over your home and your family, to freedom from government persecution, to justice, to a fair hearing in court, to the presumption of innocence, to self-determination, to due process, to freedom from cruel and unusual punishment, to the pursuit of fulfillment and prosperity. These were our human rights. They were never perfectly realized in this country.

Now we have written over these deep and profound laws, and replaced them with a haphazard, contradictory, juvenile, idiotic, unfair, unjust, inconsistent assemblage of entitlements and privileges, all of which require the government to stomp on our actual rights for the sake of providing some entitlement to some member of some politically protected class.

Regress is what progressives do best.

Steven Goddard keeps at it.

The master John C. Wright:

Freud revised the view of man as being a helpless puppet of his hidden and irrational impulses rather than a being created with the divine faculty of reason; Marx revised the view of man as being a helpless puppet of historical economic forces rather than being the steward of the earth given by heaven into Man’s dominion; and nearly everyone misinterpreted Einstein to mean that if measurements of time and space were relative, moral truth was relative; and everyone misinterpreted Darwin to be saying the same thing Hegel said in an earlier generation, that all truths change and evolve with time, and that reason is therefore a product only of its time, and no truths are eternal. When men speak of a war between Faith and Science they can do so only by labeling these various irrational paradoxes to be “science” and by label the clear and rational thing discussed by Aquinas and Aristotle to be “faith.”


Capitalism rewards and encourages greed and materialism, and a countless hoard of advertising agents calculate how to make men stupider and greedier to buy products we do not necessarily want or need. So, yes, indeed, the WORSHIP of Capitalism, Ayn Rand’s religion, is definitely, utterly and absolutely antithetical to Catholicism, or any sane religion.


Anyone who assumes God making Himself even more obvious would increase the number of souls saved and brought to love quite simply underestimates the greatness and glory of man, including how much we are like angels. We are also like fallen angels, and we cannot be brought God against our will. He has made us too much like Him, and so, like Him, we cannot be forced, not intimidated, not impressed.


Leftism is defined as a rebellion against reality and reason on the grounds that reality is unfair. Feminism is rebellion against sexual reality and reason.

Man is not perfectible outside God. As Proverbs 21:30 says: “There is no wisdom, no insight, no plan that can succeed against the Lord.”

A trifecta of validation:

  1. I watched Invictus with my girlfriend. A conversation between Nelson Mandela and his top adviser reminded me of how. Mandela, played by Morgan Freeman, insisted the newly integrated South African Sports Committee were wrong to disband the Sprinkboks, and it was his job as their leader to show them they were wrong. It was one of my favorite scenes in an overall pleasant, low-key movie directed by the master, Clint Eastwood, one of the most thoughtful filmmakers alive today.

  2. Rod Dreher observes:
    The thought that electing the right Republican president is going to make a bit of difference in the moral state of the nation is by now almost touching in its utter naivete. Let me be clear: it’s not that Evangelicals are wrong to say the nation’s moral fabric is declining; from a socially and religiously conservative point of view, of course it is. Their error is in thinking that politics can have much of an effect on the core problem.
  3. A team is only as good as its leader.

So, the things that I want to do
I find myself not doing
But the things that I don’t want to do
I fall into

Those are some winning lyrics from Theocracy’s “Laying the Demon to Rest.” I didn’t realize until recently these lines paraphrase Romans 7:15-19:

I do not understand what I do. For what I want to do I do not do, but what I hate I do. And if I do what I do not want to do, I agree that the law is good. As it is, it is no longer I myself who do it, but it is sin living in me. For I know that good itself does not dwell in me, that is, in my sinful nature. For I have the desire to do what is good, but I cannot carry it out. For I do not do the good I want to do, but the evil I do not want to do—this I keep on doing.

More on Romans here.

Some Scandinavian power metal for your listening pleasure:

It’s an executive orders trifecta!

  1. I said the two qualifications for a progressive are liberalism and post-democracy. Rebecca Leber at The New Republic qualifies:
    The New York Times reports today that President Barack Obama is pursuing an international climate agreement ahead of next year's United Nations climate-change summit in Paris. Why pursue an accord, rather than a treaty? Because the latter would require Obama to get two-thirds approval in the Senate, and that's never going to happen.
  2. The president will also bypass democracy to grant amnesty to 5 million illegal immigrants. Amnesty slut Rep. Luis Gutierrez is “looking forward to [the] challenge.” Breitbart reports:
    “The structures were not in place to help those people,” he continued. “So I’ve been going around meeting with major news organizations, newspaper editorial boards, columnists and others here in Chicago for the last three weeks telling them we have get prepared as a city. And prepare a model for the nation because when 5 million people are allowed the opportunity to come out from under the shadows and into the light of day and get legalized, it’s going to take a lot of work and a lot of capacity of our community but I’m really looking forward to that challenge.”
  3. Finally, rank and file transphilia! The Washington Examiner reports:

    Having already lifted the “don’t ask, don’t tell” ban on gays in the military, the Pentagon “likely will” allow transgendered Americans to serve openly in the military where 15,500 now secretly serve, according to a new report issued by top former generals.

    Three of the top brass, endorsing the deployment of transgendered troops, also said their effort has the support of Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and President Obama.

    In a statement accompanying the 29-page report issued Tuesday, they said, “Our conclusion is that allowing transgender personnel to serve openly is administratively feasible and will not be burdensome or complicated. Three months have passed since Defense Secretary Hagel announced a willingness to review the military's ban on transgender service, an effort the White House indicated it supports.”


    The report said allowing transgenders to serve “reflects the core military values and principles that all military personnel should serve with honor and integrity, which means that they should not have to lie about who they are.”

    Can who they are be objectively determined to verify that claim? Who knows anymore!

Howie Carr assesses Bay State Democrats’ election strategy:

The Democrats are very open about their strategy. They’re not just looking for women, they prefer unmarried women. You see, if you have a husband, you are very likely concerned about things like jobs. Employment is not exactly a pressing concern to the EBT classes these candidates are aiming for.


It’s a microcosm of the Democrats’ national strategy. “Moderates” like Romney get on their knees for independents, and they lose single women by nearly a 2-1 margin. In a land of delayed marriage and non-marriage, that’s a big problem.

Being black means having dark skin. It’s just melanin. I’m willing to allow that might be naïve, even idealist. The reality is black identity is more about thug life than skin pigment.

Taleeb Starkes agrees, and he wishes it was different:

There’s no diversity in the black community. It’s pretty much it’s just in our DNA to be one way, and if you’re not that way, you’re not (quote, unquote) “black.” And I would start there, because a lot of these kids are so urbanized, if you bring anything new or different outside of sports, hip hop, those two things mainly, you may be frowned upon, and that’s what I would change. What I’d like to do is get the kids out, let them see other things. Outside of the city. Again, they’re so urbanized, it’s foreign.

Attorney General Eric Holder flew to Ferguson, Missouri, and said he was there as a “black man.” What a petty, divisive man, truly the worst of America.

Geurge Neumayr is fed up with him:

Holder can so easily “stand” with the protesters in Ferguson because he shares their capacity for hasty racial accusations. Seeing events through the prism of race is more emotionally satisfying to him than carefully sifting through the evidence. That quality doesn’t lend itself to leadership but lying.

As the New York Times recently learned, after daring to write that Michael Brown was “no angel,” honesty is simply not allowed in the discussion. The paper has been roundly criticized, including by its public editor who called the brief moment of honesty “regrettable.” Liberals in recent days have been policing the discussion of Michael Brown, insisting that his possible crimes (such as grabbing a police officer’s gun) be called “mistakes” and his stealing “shoplifting.”

Were Holder willing to show the brave honesty a “nation of cowards” needs, he would resist this culture of propaganda, not reinforce it. He would tell racial agitators what they don’t want to hear: that the crime rate in Ferguson is due not to “disparate treatment” but to a culture of crime — a problem that false accusations and politically correct excuse-making will deepen not solve.

R. R. Reno waxes on Ferguson here, here, and here. Read them in order.

Tish Harrison Warren dishes on Vanderbilt’s ridiculous student group non-discrimination policy (hat tip Dreher):

If groups are committed to maintaining a particular theological voice, I do not understand how they can sign the non-discrimination pledge. They are, in fact, signing a pledge promising that they won’t require particular beliefs of their students in leadership. We were encouraged by many people just to sign whatever pledge we needed to and go on doing what we’d always done to select leaders–Vanderbilt doesn’t really have a way to oversee that closely. But those of us who lost our registration status felt that signing something pledging to not have doctrinal standards for student leaders — when we actually do — would be a poor model of discipleship for our students and dishonest.

Some groups don’t think the policy will pose a problem (or don’t have any formal creedal requirements) because they elect their leaders sheerly by democratic process so they feel like it is unlikely that a non-Christian would be elected anyway. But, as I have argued many, many times during this year, we aren’t so much worried about a coup where non-Christians take over the group and vote themselves into office (although that’s possible with this policy) as much as theological drift. The reason we have doctrinal boundaries in place is that we don’t want — over the course of 10 or 15 years — to slowly lose our theological particularity, which is more likely if majoritarianism alone rules the day. The analogy I use is that a creed is like a tuning fork, without it we won’t likely go out of tune immediately but give us a couple years and our theological tone will drift.

The second issue with this all-democracy/no creeds approach is that the majority of times that we face doctrinal issues with our leadership team is not unbelievers wanting to be voted into office but leadership team students having a mid-year crisis and converting or radically changing their religious beliefs. Often, with the zeal of a new convert to atheism or what have you, students want to stay in their leadership position and change the theological identity of the group. In short, we need a mechanism to ask leaders to step down if their beliefs and practices radically change. This policy made that impossible. We asked Vanderbilt’s provost directly what we should do if this were to happen (a Bible study leader decided that the resurrection is a metaphor or that Jesus was just a good, spiritual guide among many), and he suggested we disband the whole group. That’s obviously an unworkable solution. And this kind of scenario happens all the time for campus groups. All the time. Keep in mind that, for the most part, these are college students we’re talking about. They are exploring their identities and beliefs, which can change quickly. We want them to be able to do that but we also have to have a way to maintain theological stability over time as a community.

Reality competes with the narrative at the Fiscal Times. First, the narrative:

Nearly five years after the recovery began, Americans in alarming numbers believe the Great Recession permanently damaged the economy and that many aspects of the lifestyle they once enjoyed – a good job, income security and more – may never again be theirs.

Even more troubling, most Americans don’t believe the economy has actually improved – or will improve – despite nearly half a decade of job growth and declining unemployment rates since the recession officially ended in June 2009.

Now the reality:

Growth “has been insufficient to produce enough full-time jobs for everyone who wants one,” the study notes. As of last month, nearly 9.7 million work­ers were unemployed, and many jobs that vanished during the recession paid good wages, while most growth during the recovery has been in low-wage jobs.

“Wages have increased modestly for many, but have not increased suf­ficiently to keep up with inflation,” the report stated. “Labor force participation rates are at the lowest levels in three decades. Long-term unemployment rates remain at unprecedented high levels, above pre-recession levels in over 40 states.”

Who are you going to believe? The spinners in the media or your lying eyes?

Related: “Recovery narrative.”

Is Warren Buffet the biggest hypocrite in the world?

Like Miss Utah 2013, Sofia Vergara is a winner. Feminists hate winners.

Mollie Hemingway contrasts Beyonce and Vergara. It’s not even close. Compare Jarett Wieselman’s horror at Vergara’s Emmys pedestal gag with his glee at Beyonce’s Miley Cyrus-like performance at the VMAs the preceding night:

Last night, Jarrett Wieselman of BuzzFeed said:

Aaaannnnd what do you think he said the previous night?

That’s right. When there was nothing but headless bodies featuring butts-butts-butts and a spread-eagle Beyoncé singing a song some have criticized for its lyrics joking about Ike Turner’s domestic violence, Jarrett Wieselman of BuzzFeed could not deal with the perfection. But when a fully clothed Vergara did a little comedy bit about her rockin’ bod, sound the alarm, we got a problem.

The VMAs are more juvenile—that is, more carnal and more subversive—than the Emmys. Other than that, they are the same.

Read this cool essay about Julius Caesar’s failed invasion of Britain in 54 BC in British Heritage.

Moving from one state to another is more daunting if the states are not as uniform as they are now. Increased mobility of people among the states is one rationalization for a government more national—as opposed to federal—in character. Not that I’m in favor it.

Re: liberal migration to red states, Vox is pessimistic about democracy’s longevity:

Free association, also known to its critics as segregation, is an absolute must for any democratic society that wishes to retain its character. In an age of mobility, any system that functions will be rapidly swamped by the invading denizens of those systems that don’t work.

It should never be forgotten that most of the 18th century political principles were developed prior to the age of mass global transportation. It should not be a surprise that not all of them are capable of surviving it.

Really, I’m flattered that everyone loves Texas, but can’t Californians love Texas from California?

Rep. Paul Ryan talks House of Cards (hat tip USA Today:

“I watched the first couple of episodes until he cheated on his wife with that reporter,” Ryan said in the Parade interview posted online Friday. “It turned my stomach so much that I just couldn’t watch it anymore. His behavior was so reprehensible, and it hit too close to home because he was a House member, that it just bothered me too much. And what I thought is, it makes us all look like we’re like that.”

A reason I stopped watching How I Met Your Mother is the tempting false reality the show portrayed of the single life I was living. I finally decided its entertainment value did not overcome the stumbling block it put between me my Creator. I had a similar reaction to a movie called God Bless America, which took me to such a dark, cynical place that I turned it off after 15 minutes.

I mention these experiences because my gut tells me Ryan realized he was allowing himself to indulge his fantasies in the character of Frank Underwood, so he pulled the plug.

Friday, August 29, 2014

Technization of life

Who are the rightful parents of these test tube babies?

A private fertility clinic in the United States has launched an investigation into the health of 17 teenagers who were born as a result of a controversial IVF technique that produced the world’s first “three-parent” embryos more than 15 years ago, The Independent can reveal.

The technique – which the US government halted in 2002 – involved mixing the eggs of two women so that the resulting IVF babies inherited genetic material from three individuals in a similar process to that planned in Britain for women carrying maternally inherited mitochondrial disorders.

Who are the rightful parents of these twins borne into the world by a surrogate? Either way, one of them has been kidnapped:

Baby Gammy’s surrogate mother, Pattaramon Chanbua, a 21-year-old food vendor with two young children of her own, had accused the boy’s biological parents, Wendy and David Farnell, of leaving her with the infant while taking his healthy twin sister, Pipah, back with them to Australia.

“We did not abandon our son,” an emotional David Farnell said in an interview with Australia’s 60 Minutes.

“(Pattaramon) said that if we tried to take our little boy, she’s going to get the police and she’s going to try and take our little girl and she’s going to keep both of the babies,” he said.

Children are commoditized and traded in two ways:

  1. Under the presumption that reproduction is a positive right, to fulfill a desire for children

  2. Under the presumption that childlessness is a positive right, to fulfill a desire for no children

The birth of a child is a holy commission humbling husband and wife to work to raise their child together. The reduction of this miracle to a lab experiment removes the awe of God, breaking the fusion of flesh and spirit between generations. How much of the uncertainty and surprise and beauty of life will disappear under the technocracy?

John Dunn excerpts his book Traditionalism: The Only Radicalism:

[Heidegger’s] hope was founded upon the truth that the humanist violence inflicted upon nature through technology can only ever be fleeting in cosmic terms. Technological innovation will only suppress the truth for so long before it metamorphoses into an instrument of catastrophic revelation. It is in the very challenge to the cosmic hierarchy itself that the finitude of beings is disclosed.

The cover of the book is a tree with roots that go down three times deeper than the tree stands tall. It’s a metaphor for the foundations of why and how we live. Trimming the limbs won’t do any good if the trunk is shorn from the roots.